International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

The Science of Food Fortification in Improving Health Challenges Due to Iron Deficiency Anemia and Zinc Deficiency for Children Under 5 Years in Bangladesh

For growth, the development of the brain and body, and disease resistance, trace amounts of micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, are required. The body cannot synthesis them, thus they must be obtained by diet and other means. Poor physical and mental growth, mental retardation, and blindness are all effects of malnutrition in susceptible populations such newborn infants, pregnant and nursing mothers, and the elderly. By adding essential components to food, food fortification is a secure and efficient method for increasing micronutrient consumption and restoring amounts lost during processing. Long-term development goals are impacted by micronutrient deficiencies. Anemia affects over half of all expectant and nursing mothers. Only a few of the essential traits linked to high degrees of insufficiency include inadequate nourishment, bad hygiene, illness, and infestation. Despite the promotion of a number of techniques and treatments, serious problems with coverage, quality, and compliance still exist. Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be a significant issue in Bangladesh despite the fact that current intervention attempts have had some success addressing severe deficits. Humans cannot survive without some essential micronutrients such as iron and zinc, which can only be obtained from diet. Food-based therapies require a creative strategy in order to increase dietary diversity, decrease nutritional losses, and increase nutritional bioavailability. The efforts of many developing countries have demonstrated that long-term, cost-effective solutions to the problem of micronutrient deficiencies in individuals may be found in food-based approaches. Strategies to address the issue of micronutrient deficiencies of iron and zinc will essentially be ineffective without proper attention is devoted to preventing communicable diseases like diarrhoea, decreasing morbidity, and improving basic health care facilities. Expanding food-based strategies has a number of advantages, including bettering nutritional health, raising incomes, and increasing access to and availability of a variety of foods rich in micronutrients, all of which will improve micronutrient status for both individuals and the community as a whole.

Micronutrient Deficiencies, Iron and Zinc Deficiency, Food Fortification, Strategies and Policies

APA Style

Mohammad Abu Bakar Siddique, Md. Marufuzzaman, Siddhartha Sankar Das, Ali Hasan Farid, Ehsanul Kabir, et al. (2023). The Science of Food Fortification in Improving Health Challenges Due to Iron Deficiency Anemia and Zinc Deficiency for Children Under 5 Years in Bangladesh. International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology, 8(3), 39-49. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijfsb.20230803.13

ACS Style

Mohammad Abu Bakar Siddique; Md. Marufuzzaman; Siddhartha Sankar Das; Ali Hasan Farid; Ehsanul Kabir, et al. The Science of Food Fortification in Improving Health Challenges Due to Iron Deficiency Anemia and Zinc Deficiency for Children Under 5 Years in Bangladesh. Int. J. Food Sci. Biotechnol. 2023, 8(3), 39-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20230803.13

AMA Style

Mohammad Abu Bakar Siddique, Md. Marufuzzaman, Siddhartha Sankar Das, Ali Hasan Farid, Ehsanul Kabir, et al. The Science of Food Fortification in Improving Health Challenges Due to Iron Deficiency Anemia and Zinc Deficiency for Children Under 5 Years in Bangladesh. Int J Food Sci Biotechnol. 2023;8(3):39-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20230803.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. (UN), F. a. A. O., 1995. Food Fortification: Technology and Quality Control. Ahmed F, K. M. &. J. A., 2001. Am J Clin Nutr, Volume 74, p. 108.
2. Ahmed, F., 2016. Micronutrient deficiencies among children and women in Bangladesh: progress and challenges. Journal of Nutritional Science, Volume 5, pp. 1-12.
3. Allen LD, d. B. B. D. O. a. H. R., 2006. Guidelines on Food Fortification with Micronutrients. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO and FAO, p. 306.
4. Anon., 2015. Fortified food: should we really be pumping bread with Vitamin D.
5. Bhutta ZA, D. J. R. A., 2013. Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost. Lancet, Volume 382, pp. 452-477.
6. Black RE, A. L. B. Z. C. L. D. O. M. E. M. M. C. R. J., 2008. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet., Volume 371, pp. 243-260.
7. Caulfield LE, Z. N. S. A. M. M., 1998. Potential contribution of maternal zinc supplementation during pregnancy to maternal and child survival. Am Journal Clin Nutr., Volume 68, p. 499.
8. C, S., 2013. What Are the Dangers of Fortified Foods and Supplements?
9. Das JK, S. R. K. R. B. Z., 2013. Micronutrient fortification of food and its impact on woman and child health: a systematic review. Systematic reviews., Volume 2, p. 67.
10. Eneroth H, E. A. S. P. L. L. B. H. M. S. C. a. E., 2010. Maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation has limited impact on micronutrient status of Bangladeshi infants compared with standard iron folic acid supplementation. Journal of Nutrition., 140 (3), p. 618.
11. ICDDR, B., 2009. National Rickets Survey, Bangladesh 2008. ICDDR., B. Health and Science Bulletin., 7 (1), pp. 7-11.
12. ICDDR, B., 2013. International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The National Micronutrients Status Survey 2011-12.
13. International, I. a. H. I. o. P. H. N. a. H. K., 1985. Bangladesh nutritional blindness study 1982-83. Dhaka: Helen Keller International.
14. International, I. a. H. I. o. P. H. N. a. H. K., 2005. Nutritional Surveillance Project 2005; Dhaka: Helen Keller International.
15. J., L., 1991. Women’s nutrition: the key to improving family health in developing countries. Health Policy and Plan, pp. 1-19.
16. James P, 2012. State of Food Security and Nutrition in Bangladesh. Grant School of Public Health (JPGSPH) and Helen Keller International (HKI).
17. De Benoist B & Delange F (2002) Iodine deficiency: current situation and future prospects. Sante. 12, 9-17.
18. Ross C, Manson JE, Abrams SA et al. (2011) Report on dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D from the Institute of Medicine: What clinicians need to know. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 96, 53-58.
19. Mason J, G. T. S. R., 2015. Vitamin A policies need rethinking. Int J Epidemiol, Volume 44, pp. 283-92.
20. Merrill RD, S. A. A. H., 2012. High prevalence of anemia with lack of iron deficiency among women in rural Bangladesh: a role for thalassemia and iron in groundwater. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Volume 21, pp. 416-422.
21. M, J. K. &. H., 1998. Bangladesh National Nutrition Survey 1995-96. Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka.
22. Friel JK, Andrews WL, Matthew JD et al. Zinc supplementation in very-low-birth-weight infants. / Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1993; 17: 97-10.
23. Black MM, Sazawal S, Khosla S, Kumar J, Anand S, Black RE. Motor development among small-for-gestarional-age infants: Effects of zinc supplementation and home environment. E4S£B/1999; 13: A879.
24. Bentley ME, Caulfield LE, Ram M et al. Zinc supplementation affects the activity patterns of rural Guatemalan infants. / Nutr 1997; 127: 1333-8.
25. Penland JG, Sandstead HH, Alcock NW et al. A preliminary report: effects of zinc and micronutrient repletion on growth and neuropsychological function of urban Chinese children. / Am Coil Nutr 1997; 16: 268-72.
26. Ramirez I, Fierro-Benitez R, Estrella E, Jaramillo C, Diaz C, Urresta J. Iodised oil in the prevention of endemic goitre and associated defects in the Andean region of Ecuador. II. Effectson neuromotor development and somatic growth before two years. In: Stanbury JB (ed) Endemic Goitre. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 1969; 341-59.
27. ICDDR, B., 2014. GAIN (Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition), and UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). The National Micronutrient Survey 2011-12. UNICEF.