Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 83-88
Beneficial Effect of Calcium Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density of Calcium Deficient Adolescents
Gunjan Soni, Department of Home Science, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India
Gursharan Kaur Kochar, Department of Home Science, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India
Gurpreet Kaur, Department of Home Science, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India
Received: Jun. 27, 2018;       Accepted: Aug. 3, 2018;       Published: Oct. 10, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20180303.12      View  242      Downloads  14
Abstract
The supplementation of calcium during growth years may help in bone formation. Insufficient intake of calcium does not produce obvious symptoms since the body maintains calcium levels in the blood by taking it from bones. Therefore, the present study was undertaken with an objective to assess the beneficial effect of calcium supplementation on the bone mineral density of calcium deficient adolescents. The feeding trial was performed on select set of adolescent students - 48 female and 65 male subjects. These selected subjects for experimental feeding trial were sub-divided into three groups, comprising one control and two supplemental fed groups COS (Calcium organic supplement), CIS (Calcium inorganic supplement). Statistical analysis of T-Score before and after feeding trial indicated, that for males, a significant difference was observed in calcium organic supplement (p=0.0006), while, no significant difference was observed for male’s control and inorganic calcium supplement. Female groups indicated significant difference for OCS (p=0.0137) and ICS (p=0.0084) while no significant difference was observed for control. In conclusion, significant increase in Bone mineral density were observed among male and female subgroups after intervention. Also, Organic supplements had a greater effect on BMD.
Keywords
Adolescence, Bone Mineral Density, Calcium Deficiency, p-DEXA, Osteopenia
To cite this article
Gunjan Soni, Gursharan Kaur Kochar, Gurpreet Kaur, Beneficial Effect of Calcium Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density of Calcium Deficient Adolescents, International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2018, pp. 83-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20180303.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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